In the health care organizations the code of ethics is a serious document

In the health care organizations the code of ethics is a serious document

that is primarily for the advantage of all patients. It is a document that explains

the summary of the organizations standards and beliefs. The American Medical

Association (AMA) has an involved technique of guidelines that all health

professionals must follow or may undergo the aftermaths. The American Medical

Association has improved community health, capitalized in decision- making

between doctor and patient relationship, overhyped scientific development for

more than 160 years, and social responsibility to community.

The American Medical Association establishes an unpredicted viewpoint

created on the core values between the culture and ethical manners as well as

decision-making methods. The association supports certain values and standards

dedicated on establishing ethical policies. They maintain commitment to

superiority health care services and treatment, which has created vital standard of

professional ethics in the medical profession. The American Medical Association

faithfully follows the code of ethics to determine effective decision making.

This is relating to the Opinion 8 in the code of ethics pertaining to doctor-patient


Capable adults may prepare, enhance preferences concerning a plan of

treatment in the occurrence that injury or illness causes serious impairment or loss

of decision-making. In some cases, a patient with compromised decision-making

volume can take part in various viewpoints of health care decision-making. The

attentive physician should put forward the autonomy of such patient by involving

him or her to an extent corresponding with his or her capabilities. When the

patient lacks the volume to make a health care decision, a rational effort should be

made to detect a preceding written statement of values such as a living will, or a

health care surrogate. When sufficient efforts have failed to discover significant

documentation the physician should refer to state laws. The physician should have

knowledge that under exceptional circumstances the state laws may indicate court


In the absence of state law, specifying either appropriate decision-makers

or a process to identify him or her, the patient’s family, domestic partner, or

close friend, persons who have some relevant knowledge of the patient should

participate in the decision-making process (AMA, 2012). In other instances, a

physician may wish to consult an ethics committee to aid in identifying a surrogate

decision-maker or to facilitate sound decision-making (AMA, 2012). If there is no

logical core on which to understand how a patient would have decided, then the

decision should be centered on the best welfare of the patient. When a physician

believes that a decision is clearly not what the patient’s best interests, or primarily

serves the interest of a surrogate or a third party, an ethics committee should be

consulted before requesting court intervention (AMA, 2012).

AMA (2012) Surrogate Decision-Making. Retrived on July 16, 2012 from Goggle

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