There are many similarities and many differences between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells some are limited to but in only that Prokaryotic cells lack most organelles;

There are many similarities and many differences between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells some are limited to but in only that Prokaryotic cells lack most organelles; whereas the Eukaryotic cells contain many forms of organelles. Prokaryotic cells have a simpler structure, generally single celled (excluding Prokaryotic colonies); whereas the Eukaryotic cell has a more complex structure. Prokaryotic cells are smaller compared to the larger Eukaryotic cells. Plant and animal cells are both constructed from Eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotic cells are always bacteria their DNA moves freely around the cell. They also lack a membrane bound nucleus. Instead of having chromosomal DNA Prokaryotic cells have genetic information in a spherical ring called a plasmid. Prokaryotic cells have three main shapes which include a rod shape, a spherical shape and finally a spiral shape.   These cells split by binary fission. All multicellular animals including us as humans are Eukaryotic. All of the life kingdoms are comprised of these cells excluding Monera. Plant and animal cells are the only two types of Eukaryotic cells. Animal cells have many small vacuoles and cytosomes where plant cells have a cell wall with central vacuoles and chloroplast. All of our cells belong to one of the five life kingdoms which include Monera, Protista, Plantae, Fungi, and Animalia. Mitochondrion and chloroplast perform metabolic functions and serve as energy conversions. There are so many factors to break down to gain valuable information from these two cell types, We learn valuable facts and information from breaking down the science and learning about what makes up plants animals etc to understand more about the world we live in.