Biofuels are starting to become more and more popular, especially with people wanting to better our earth and environment. The good thing about biofuels is that there quite a few different types of fuels related to biofuel. Bioethanol is an alcohol that is made by fermenting parts of sugar of plant materials, that bioethanol is overall made from sugar and starch crops. We already have some vehicles and I know Shell gas station serves Ethanol. Some of the new Chevrolet Suburban’s have made them run on E-85 ethanol and is supposed to be cleaner for the environment as well.
Biodiesel is made from vegetable oils, animal fats or recycled greases. We have a lot of restaurants and businesses, that use a lot of those products and we could recycle all of their vegetable oil, animal fats and grease. McDonald’s is one business that comes to mind, that uses a lot of those resources and would be a good provider for biofuels. Biodiesel is more commonly popular over in Europe.
They have found that some people seem to think that because biofuel is made with corn, a.k.a Ethanol. Due to the use of having to make ethanol it has made the price in food rise. The U.S.A uses about 25% of its entire corn for ethanol and biofuels. Which is why scientists are working on making a biofuel for vehicles to run on plants and that would be even better for the environment. Also due to the constant use of water to make Ethanol, scientists have said that 37 states will have a water shortage by 2013.
Some of the things that seem to be good and effective of biofuels is that it helps with the green house gas emissions. It helps with pollution in the air, it would help with our economy, because it would bring more jobs to Americans. So, we wouldn’t have to be so dependent on foreign countries. Although there are some problems with biofuels right now and that is biodiesel and ethanol are made from oils from plants and edible crop field, so does that mean more competition for part of our food supply, with food or plant oil. Also with how much biodiesel and ethanol we are pumping out right now, the crops can’t keep up with the demand. Also it means we are sacrificing part of our food supply to the country. From what I have found it seems that at the moment, they are just talking about making crops that are specifically for biofuel, they would make them bigger. There has been some new reports with scientists working on making biofuel with Algae, Jatropha, Biocrops, or camalina. These different types of choices for biofuel, would seem to better benefit our country. I would say the Camalina, would be the best choice for biofuel, because it uses less water or fertilizer.
Biofuels have become an economic alternative to fossil fuels and with advances in technology and the scaling up of production, their price of a gallon will continue to decrease. Oil looks like it is going to maintain its current high prices well into the future, due to the exhaustion of many existing fields, strong demand from developing economies such as India and China, and security concerns which are unlikely to go away. Given these long-term trends, without investment in biofuel technology we actually risk our economies being crippled by sky-high fuel costs, for example if oil prices head up over $100 a barrel. Some subsidies to this investment seem highly justified, especially as they can replace existing agricultural support payments, rather than being additional money.
Biofuels are also a sensible bridge to a greener future, allowing us to develop a better/cleaner future without unbearable economic or social cost. Unlike alternatives such as hydrogen fuel cells, biofuels do not need a completely different infrastructure to be widely adopted.
Microalgae are single-celled photo synthesizers. They make certain fats that can be converted into biodiesel or jet fuel in only a few basic steps. The organisms have become a favorite in the renewable energy sector. On January 14 the U.S. Department of Energy announced they had made an investment of about 44 million in efforts to commercialize algae-based fuels, and last summer even ExxonMobil, jumped onto the band-pontoon, announcing a partnership with scientist Craig Venter’s Synthetic Genomics Inc. to develop algae as a fuel source. It still seems that making biofuel out of algae is maybe a few years away at least, before it becomes on the market, just like how ethanol is here in Missouri. Making biofuels out of algae would be a great way to be able to cut back on money spent on oil and fuel in America. Also it would help change some peoples mine with biofuels and how right now we are taking food away from the U.S food supply due to heavy use to make ethanol. Also with the help of biofuel made from algae, it would be domestic and not foreign and would have less foreign trading, which would be able to save America some money that way as well. The money that was spent on buying foreign oil could be put back or used for something else and would maybe be able to help get America out of debt. The biofuels would be a good way to help benefit our country in quite a few ways, more than oil right now. Also biofuels would be cheaper by the barrel compared to our basic oil prices, America is paying know.
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