what is audit risk

Audit Risk is the risk that an auditor expresses an inappropriate opinion on the financial statements.
Audit Risk = Inherent Risk x Control Risk x Detection Risk
Audit risk may be considered as the product of the various risks which may be encountered in the performance of the audit. In order to keep the overall audit risk of engagements below acceptable limit, the auditor must assess the level of risk pertaining to each component of audit risk.

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About four hundred and fifty billion years ago, both Earth and Venus were basically created having similar size, density and composition. But as of today, the two could hardly be considered “identical”. Even though they are very near each other as far as distance, they are very far from “identical”. The reasoning behind this is based on the term “Runaway Greenhouse Effect”. The planet Venus holds the key to what may happen to Earth if the greenhouse gasses continue to climb.

Running head:  VENUS: RUNAWAY GREENHOUSE GONE AWRY

Venus: Runaway Greenhouse Gone Awry

Albert DeSena

University of Phoenix

Chemistry/110

Shameema Sarker

December 17, 2011

 

About four hundred and fifty billion years ago, both Earth and Venus were basically created having similar size, density and composition.  But as of today, the two could hardly be considered “identical”.  Even though they are very near each other as far as distance, they are very far from “identical”.  The reasoning behind this is based on the term “Runaway Greenhouse Effect”.  The planet Venus holds the key to what may happen to Earth if the greenhouse gasses continue to climb.  Although Venus is somewhat closer to the Sun than Earth, the surface of Venus is hundreds of degrees hotter than expected.  Approximately 850 degree F, and many scientists believe this is due to the greenhouse effect.  The greenhouse effect lets radiation from the Sun enter the atmosphere, but prevents much of the heat from escaping.  The greenhouse effect works on Venus just like it does on Earth, but because Venus has almost a million times more carbon dioxide (CO2) than earth, the effect is obviously much stronger. CO2 is the most abundant gas on Venus, which accounts for 96 percent of the atmosphere, the second most common gas being nitrogen. This balance is not surprising when you consider that the Earth’s atmosphere would also be mostly CO2 if the gas were not imprisoned in marine sediments.  (MacNeill, 2009)

If the greenhouse heating increased in the Earth’s atmosphere by increasing the amount of solar radiation falling to the Earth, or by increasing the burning of fossil fuels, the production of water vapors and carbon dioxide would increase the temperature in the atmosphere hence causing the greenhouse effect.   It would be considered a runaway greenhouse effect if the temperature in the atmosphere approached the boiling point and the oceans would convert to water vapor increasing the effectiveness of trapping and accelerate the greenhouse effect.  This would cause the temperatures to rise higher, which in turn would make the oceans evaporate more quickly more commonly referred to as the “positive feedback loop”.

We can envision even a further runaway stage in this scenario. Suppose the preceding runaway raised the temperature so high that chemical reactions begin to occur that drive the carbon dioxide from the rocks into the atmosphere (the process is called sublimation; a few hundred degrees Celsius would be sufficient). Then another runaway would occur as the carbon dioxide feeding into the atmosphere would accelerate the heating, which would in turn accelerate the transfer of carbon dioxide from the rocks to the atmosphere.  (UTK.edu 2004)

After all this is done, the atmosphere would finally stabilize at a higher temperature, and pressure would drive all the carbon dioxide from the rocks, the temperature would be hundreds of degrees higher and the atmospheric pressure would be hundreds of times more than it is today.

Thus, we believe that in the case of Venus the initial solar heating kept oceans from forming, or kept them from staying around if they did form, and the subsequent lack of rainfall and failure of plant life to evolve kept the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere rather than binding it in the rocks as is the case for the Earth; thus, Venus has an environmental disaster for an atmosphere.
The sobering warning for us is obvious: we have to be extremely concerned about processes such as burning of fossil fuels in large volumes that might (we don’t know for sure because the scientific questions are complex) have the potential to trigger a runaway greenhouse effect and produce on the Earth atmospheric conditions such as those found on Venus

 

 
 

References

http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr161/lect/venus/greenhouse.html

http://www.articlesbase.com/environment-articles/venus-a-runaway-greenhouse-effect-533826.html

http://michelle-macneill.suite101.com/some-facts-about-the-planet-venus-a179137

http://carbonbasin.com/venus-a-runaway-greenhouse-effect/

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Response to the changes in globalization, technology diversity e-business and ethics a human resources management leader can utilize three areas to contribute to the goals of the organization. These three areas are the introduction, issues, and challenges and the implementation of an efficient human resource system. (Bawa, 2011). The following paper will be a description and examination of these changes, there effect on the nature of jobs and work, also how human resources management must adapt to these changing business environments. A few personal experiences will also be included.

 

 

 

 

 

HR Management Response

Response to the changes in globalization, technology diversity e-business and ethics a human resources management leader can utilize three areas to contribute to the goals of the organization.  These three areas are the introduction, issues, and challenges and the implementation of an efficient human resource system. (Bawa, 2011).  The following paper will be a description and examination of these changes, there effect on the nature of jobs and work, also how human resources management must adapt to these changing business environments.  A few personal experiences will also be included.

The introduction of the human resources system ensures that the business is hiring the right employees.  Potential employees must have the right personality regarding the culture of the organization.  When hiring potential employees their needs and values, and interests in the business should be taken into consideration. (Noe, Hollenbeck, & Gerhart, 2007).   These factors are important element for selecting the right employees. Building honest relationships will create reliable services to the customers and the highly skilled employees will be able to adjust become flexible and respond quickly to changes that occur more rapidly in the business world than in the past.  When an organization goes global, there are factors human resources management should consider.  When interviewing potential employees from other countries is one to consider the attitude of the candidates besides their experience.  It is very important to the organization to have adaptation between different national cultures.  Human resources management when selecting potential candidates must take into consideration that the development of the organization in other countries must fit the diverse setting. (Husain, 2011).

The change in globalization, technology, diversity, e-business and ethics has placed human resources management in a challenging position to handle the issues and to maintain an effective system.  These issues can be handled in several different ways; management should ensure that employees’ performance rewards and recognition programs are being held within the organization.  When employees feel that they are the most important asset to the company it elevates motivation and morale.  Additional measures to handle the issues and challenges could consist of having employees included in decision-making processes, having fair working and honest merit conditions also offering satisfying, and challenging work and grow within the company.  Employees all over the world also respond well when management offers help with personal problems.  These are examples of what employees want but they are unaffected if management does not do what human resources management suggests.  Here are some examples of human resources management suggestions.  First is to acknowledge a job well done and respond to employee concerns.  Open communication with everyone and assist where possible directly with every employee also to avoid idle threats of job security.  Take into consideration the working conditions of the employee and live up to their commitments, listen, investigate before taking discipline action and to be consistent treating each employee the same all the time.  These issues and challenges have become demanding on human resources, especially in the areas of diversity and ethics in the changing workplace.  All of the above examples I hear human resources employees talk about all the time at my current employment.  However, they never come true management is not held accountable by human resources they do not answer to anything else but the numbers and I find that all of these human resources activities when it comes to handling issues and challenges are a joke. (Human Resources 101, 2007).   Globalization and technology has sped up time and shorten the distance in the business world today.  From these developments external factors not present a short time ago has changed the perspective of business.  These factors are countries are becoming more democratic and labor rights in countries have changed that were much more restrictive in the past.  Deregulation of the competition and increased economic independence has created an international flow of employment and do not stay the same employer for a significant amount of time. (Mani, 2011).

The implementation of an effective human resources system to deal with the changes in the business world has several components necessary for success.  They consist of a pro active workforce plan and creating an enabling work environment.  The program will need to have effective recruitment, interviewing, training and leadership development.  The system must have the ability to rate the performance of management and provide indicators for measuring the effectiveness of management and, of course compensation incentives and benefits. (Innovationpei, 2011).  I have been at my current job for five years and we have recently become a global company.  I have noticed some recent changes in human resources and here are some examples.  Last month we received a notice that all of my training has become electronic and it was brought to our attention that it was to fit the global requirements and meet it easier to offer this training in multiple languages.  The company has also made changes by focusing on global teamwork and I have noticed human resources efforts to

remind people to treat others as you wish they would treat you.  These changes were not as obvious to me until I completed the research for this paper.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Bawa, M. A. (2011). The Challenges of Globalization and the Role of Human        

            Resources. Department of Economics,UsmanuDanfodiyoUniversity. Retrieved from

http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?hl=en&rlz=1T4GGLL_enUS342US343&

gs_sm=s&gs_upl=105093l129959l0l132721l64l29l0l0l0l3l218l3793l13.13.3l29l0&q=ca

che:PCphvLJi7ccJ:http://econ.tu.ac.th/iccg/papers/aminu.doc+Human+Resources+respon

se+to+trends+in+globalization&ct=clnk

Human Resources 101. (2007). 9 Tips for Maintaining Positive Employee Relations. Retrieved

from http://www.hr-esources.com/11/06/9-tips-for-maintaining-positive-employee-

relations/

Husain, A. (2011). The Challenges of Globalization and the Role of Human Resources. Ahead

Guide. Retrieved from http://aheadguide.com/?p=660

Innovationpei. (2011). Human Resources Implementation Program. Retrieved from

http://innovationpei.com/photos/sites/innovationpei/file/Human%20Resources%20Imple

mentation%20Program(1).pdf

Mani, R. S. S. (2011). Human Resources Impact of Globalisation on HR. AllExperts. Retrieved

from http://en.allexperts.com/q/Human-Resources-2866/IMPACT-GLOBALISATION-

HR.htm

Noe, R. A., Hollenbeck, J. R., & Gerhart, B. (2007). Fundamentals of Human Resource

            Management, Second Edition. Retrieved from TheUniversity of Phoenix eBook

Collection database.

 

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First of all, after 27 years of imprisonment Nelson Mandela was released and congregated for a speech to the people of South Africa. Tens of thousands were in attendance. After viewing a historical video online as he came up to the podium People began to cheer because they all know and understand his struggle and later became widely known as one of the most significant black leaders in South Africa.

NOW IS THE TIME TO INTENSIFY THE STRUGGLE                                                1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Now is the time to intensify the struggle by Nelson Mandela

Ron Cunanan

DeVry University

English 112

Vivienne Macadam

July 24, 2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NOW IS THE TIME TO INTENSIFY THE STRUGGLE                                                      2

 

 

First of all, after 27 years of imprisonment Nelson Mandela was released and

 

 

congregated for a speech to the people of South Africa. Tens of thousands were in

 

 

attendance.  After viewing a historical video online as he came up to the podium

 

 

People began to cheer because they all know and understand his struggle and later

 

 

became widely known as one of the most significant black leaders in South Africa.

 

 

Secondly, as he was addressing to the people of South Africa his message was

 

 

Clear by standing before them as a humble servant thanking and saluting each

 

 

democratic party of their government.  Paying tribute to each and every single

 

 

individual for their hard work such as the endless heroes who serve their country,

 

 

and the women because they are the future of South Africa.  Thanking the religious

 

 

groups who have prayed for him during his sentence which all gives us a sense

 

 

of peace by having faith in God we can do all things.  He was convinced that while he

 

 

was in prison, he realized their pain and suffering was far greater than his stated

 

 

during his speech “My salutations will be incomplete without expressing my deep

 

 

appreciation for the strength given to me during my long and lonely years in prison

NOW IS THE TIME TO INTENSIFY THE STRUGGLE                                               3

 

 

by my beloved wife and family.  I am convinced that your pain and suffering was far

 

 

greater than my own.” After He stated that quote I can feel his deepest sincerity to

 

 

his beloved wife being there for him encouraging him to continue on because if I

 

 

was to put myself into his shoes and realizing I’m serving 27 years in prison I would

 

 

just give up on life itself but after hearing Nelson Mandela story it is a valuable

 

 

lesson in life that we should never give up on ourselves and to always continue

 

 

moving forward.

 

 

Last of All, the final statement of his speech “I have fought against white

 

 

domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the idea of

 

 

a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with

 

 

equal opportunities.  It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if

 

 

needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die. “ The message I have learned

 

 

from this that the color of our skin shouldn’t matter to anyone. We are all created

 

 

equal people and till that day happens he has completed his life goal even if it makes

 

 

his  death to realize everyone his message.

NOW IS THE TIME TO INTENSIFY THE STRUGGLE                                                      4

 

 

For all the above reasons, Life itself is a everyday struggle and we will always

 

 

encounter battles and people judging us by the color of our skin but one man hopes

 

 

one day it will all change that we should all live, work together in harmony, and that

 

 

we all respect each other.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

APA Citations

 

http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/nelsonmandelaprisonrelease.htm

 

 

 

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We should all consider an experience of Hunting and Fishing one day to gain knowledge of how our food source gets to our plate.

 

Hunting

Ron Cunanan

DeVry University

English 135

Instructor Carol Cujec

September 21, 2011

 

 

 

We should all consider an experience of Hunting and Fishing one day to gain knowledge of how our food source gets to our plate.

In the book, by Michael Pollan, author of The Omnivore’s Dilemma, “It may be that we have no better language in which to describe the experience of hunting, so that all of us who would try sooner or later slide into this overheated prose ignorant of irony. Or it could be that hunting is one of those experiences that appear utterly different from the inside than from the outside” (Pollan, 2006).  To my understanding of what the author wrote it is easier to said than done, his experience of hunting a wild boar is one that will never forget.  His friend Angelo took him hunting one day for a wild boar.  His first day of hunting was a failure due to the fact the adrenaline flowing through his body of killing an animal his first time made him feel very nervous he forgot to load his rifle with ammunition.  The second time they went he was ready, prepared, and excited for his second chance experience for he knew what to expect now.  He shot his very first pig right in the head, the pig stumbled, and later layed down as death is overtaken the body of the animal.   What a relief it is knowing you killed your first animal, now you have the authority of being called the title “Hunter.” According to an article by Tom Warhol, Hunting: An Overview, “Any animals or birds that are hunted for sport or for food. Different state list different animals under the legal definitely of game, game animals include species such as deer, bear, fox, rabbit, boar, squirrel, duck, goose, and swan” (Warhol, 2011).  I have not went hunting myself.  However, one day I would like to experience because of understanding the feeling of what it’s like to shoot a real life animal.

My personal experience was fishing, a different experience from shooting a real life animal.  However, not only is fishing fun but it is definitely a healthy meal to provide for you and your family.  I won’t forget the first day I went fishing with my father and uncle when I was little, it is definitely an unforgettable adventure to the pier.  For Hunters and Fishers, you have to understand your animals normal routines.  For fishes, they like to come up at night during the high tide and is much easier to catch them then during the day.   One trick I learned about fishes is that at night they re attracted to light, by hooking up a glow stick to a fishing line on top of your bait can attract any fish.  As I threw in my fishing pole, within seconds I felt a bite than started reeling the rod as fast as I could and with the help of my father I caught my first fish at the age of 5.

Many people would disagree on hunting because most people are afraid to hold a rifle and shoot a live animal but even though when some actually pull the trigger and kill a life.  The feeling of being disgusted because of the sight of blood than later the animal decomposing it’s stench is unbearable.  Procrastinators can say they won’t kill an animal, however will not picture the knowledge of how the meat got into their plate.

For all the above reasons we all should experience hunting and fishing one day so that we could gain knowledge of what we eat on our plate.

 

 

 

 

 


                                                       References

Pollan, M. (2006). The Omnivore’s Dilemma. New York: Penguin. pp. 336-363.

M., & Warhol, T. (2011). Hunting: An Overview. Point of View:Hunting, pp. 1-1.

 

 

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June 25, 2011 I received a phone call from an old neighbor Chris Gabriel whom I have known my entire childhood. He invited me to go Skydiving for his sister’s birthday. My immediate response was, “I would love to go but I am on a budget.” He replied with, “I got you bro, just pay me back later.” It was that moment I felt very grateful for having such an amazing friend who was more than willing to help me financially so I too can encounter the amazing experience of Skydiving.

June 25, 2011 I received a phone call from an old neighbor Chris Gabriel whom I have known my entire childhood. He invited me to go Skydiving for his sister’s birthday. My immediate response was, “I would love to go but I am on a budget.” He replied with, “I got you bro, just pay me back later.” It was that moment I felt very grateful for having such an amazing friend who was more than willing to help me financially so I too can encounter the amazing experience of Skydiving.

July 9, 2011 I had woken up early with pure excitement, and although my anxiety made me nervous all I could imagine was how much fun it would be to free fall off an airplane. Given I only had four hours of sleep, my normal reaction would be to hit the snooze button, however I was up and ready to go. I felt like a kid again during Christmas time that could not wait to open presents. I arrived at Chris’ residence by 11:05am to meet with him and his sister, Beverly. We then carpooled to Pacific Coast Skydiving which is located in South East of San Diego off of the 905 freeway. As we arrived on scene, we met with Beverly’s closest friends. Being that it was everyone’s first time, made it more exciting. I glanced at each of their faces, and saw nothing but the same reaction to what I felt at the moment. We were all ready to have one fun-filled adventure in the sky. It was then time to sign our agreement forms stating that we are liable for ourselves in the event that something were to happen, they wouldn’t be responsible for our well-being.

In the lobby stood a flat screen television. Its purpose was to watch the recorded video of our  skydiving adventure. I realized I had to purchase my video for keepsake. I truly believe life is like a movie, all the events that happen from the day we were born until our eyes rest forever. Beverly and her close friends were first to go while Chris and I volunteered to go last. He and I drove to the landing zone while the rest of the group got ready to be strapped up and then off to the sky. As they all landed safely, I ran to each of them recording a video asking everything they felt. I could not help but notice their facial expressions. It was the same as before they took off into the sky, but at the same time a look of relief to finally know what it is like to jump out of a plane.

Finally, it was my turn. The adrenaline was rushing through my blood stream so I took a breather to help calm my nerves before my journey to touch the sky. While Chris and I were getting strapped up, all we heard was cheering for us knowing we were going to have a good time. The moment of truth was right before me as we were about to enter the airplane. It felt surreal but I knew this was reality and I told myself, “Ron, you can do this.” I recited a simple prayer and said, “Dear Lord Heavenly Father, I want to thank you for this time and pray for myself and the safety of the people on this plane that we arrive on the ground safe and sound. In Jesus Name I Pray, Amen.” The airplane then took off and the higher the elevation, the more it felt merely just like a normal plane ride. We had a little tour of San Diego from a bird’s eye view. My skydiving instructor, John, advised me of what I needed to do before jumping off. John explained to the very last detail. I visualized the jump before actually doing it. Once the doors opened, I felt the wind blowing across my face at a high rate, and he informed me to let my legs hang off the airplane. It was natural for me to only peep down. Jon then announced for me to keep my head back before the actual jump. The instant I anticipated that I could no longer control gravity he pushed me off the plane. Again, it felt like a dream falling from a high building but it was real life happening before my very eyes. I was flipping forward capturing every scene from the ground below to the airplane leaving afar. I was flying and at the same time screaming all my emotions until the second John released the parachute. I survived the free fall. As we were gliding in the sky, I was able to control the parachute in the direction I wanted to go. Jon coached me to pull the right handle all the way down so we can twirl at a high rate. The closer I got to the ground I pointed my legs forward anticipating the land. At last, I safely landed and felt extremely proud of myself for accomplishing one of my lifetime goals. Now I can say I have been skydiving once but I would definitely do it again. Sometimes in life we are afraid to go after our dreams because the thought of failure. With skydiving, I learned that I have to live every day as it were my last and with all the risks involved, I’m blessed to have lived this incredible episode of my life.

 

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Democracy, a form made by the government in which we all can equally say in the decisions that affect our lives on a daily basis which we get to vote for a leader who is currently the President of the United States.

 

Democracy in America

Ron Cunanan

DeVry University

Political Science

Instructor David Eisenstein

November 6, 2011

 

Democracy, a form made by the government in which we all can equally say in the

 

decisions that affect our lives on a daily basis which we get to vote for a leader who is currently

 

the President of the United States.  It is a form called Representative Democracy, in which the

 

United States elect representatives who vote on issues on our behalf.  They are kept in line by

 

checks and balances, also the fact that if we don’t like what they do we can vote them out of

 

office.  The criteria or condition that have to be in place in order for a government to be

 

considered democratic is if they run the system called Liberal democracy, elections should be

 

free and fair, and the political process should be competitive. They’re several types of democracy

 

such as Direct Democracy, known as “pure democracy,” everything is based on election.  Law

 

and Order is the cornerstone of democracy.  Our rights are protected while we have to obey the

 

law, helping the community, and freedom for all individuals in the United States.

 

Today, our leaders make decisions on our military as they make the decisions on the lives

 

of our troops and send them out on missions to protect our country from such terrorist attacks of

 

what happened 10 years ago when the twin towers in New York City was destroyed by hi-

 

jacking airplanes.  Democracy plays a big role in the United States whether we see it or not, it is

 

displayed on the news every single day from the choices our government makes.

 

For all the above reasons democracy has given us the rights the constitution that has promised

 

us with the freedom to say anything we want and believe anything we want as individuals.

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

 

  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democratic
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Representative_Democracy
  3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Representative_direct_democracy#Delegated_voting

 

 

 

 

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The Los Angeles Ciy Counsil proposed to buld a $1.2 billion privately financed football stadium and using $198 million of public funding and another $80 million from AEG to remodel the convention center in downtown Los Angeles.

ARTICLE: PROPOSED STADIUM IN LOS ANGELES                                                                       1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PROPOSED STADIUM IN LOS ANGELES

Ron Cunanan

DeVry University

Professor Kim Hunt

August 11, 2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PROPOSED STADIUM IN LOS ANGELES                                                                            2

 

 

 

The Los Angeles Ciy Counsil proposed to buld a $1.2 billion privately

 

 

financed football stadium and using $198 million of public funding and another $80

 

 

million from AEG to remodel the convention center in downtown Los Angeles. The

 

 

chargers have told AEG that the team will not discuss the proposed stadium until

 

 

the middle of the summer but in the meantime the Chargers’ goal is to make the

 

 

progress with the City of San Diego.  We all know it will affect the minds and hearts

 

 

of Charger fans in San Diego including myself because if this proposal goes through

 

 

it might not be televised for us because how many Charger fans from San Diego will

 

 

purchase a ticket, drive 2 hours north and hit traffic, than head back to San Diego

 

 

from Los Angeles traffic.  It is a lot of money involved for us to experience

 

 

excitement and cheer for our team.  The city of San Diego are working throughout

 

 

the coming season to finalize a ballot measure for San Diego voters in November

 

 

2012.  In the meantime the Counsil is working with architects and investment

 

 

bankers on various ideas to build a stadium in downtown San Diego.   The Spanos

 

 

PROPOSED STADIUM IN LOS ANGELES                                                                            3

 

 

family won’t give up controlling the ownership of the team no matter how dazzling

 

 

the L.A. stadium might be.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PROPOSED STADIUM IN LOS ANGELES                                                                 4

 

 

 

 

Citation

 

 

http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/2011/aug/10/what-the-nfl-vote-in-los-angeles-means-for-san-die/

 

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A movie review by Richard Corliss from Time Magazine wrote: “Movie genres, no less than great civilizations, have their periods of ascent and descent. Musicals, Westerns and the dead-serious romance have all flourished, then nearly perished. Now the superhero format looks close to being spent. In the late 1930s and early ’40s the paradigm was born, as a babysitter for Saturday-matinee kids, in the form of B-minus serials in 12 to 15 weekly chapters; Captain America was one such chapter play, the first Marvel character to make it to the big screen. Comic-book heroes didn’t graduate to “A” movies until the 1978 Superman; then the 2002 Spider-Man opened the floodgates. Now every summer boasts a platoon of steel-jawed planet-savers.

MOVIE REVIEW: CAPTAIN AMERICA THE FIRST AVENGER                          1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CAPTAIN AMERICA THE FIRST AVENGER

Ron Cunanan

DeVry University

English 112

Professor Vivianne Macadam

July 27, 2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MOVIE REVIEW: CAPTAIN AMERICA THE FIRST AVENGER                          2

 

 

A movie review by Richard Corliss from Time Magazine wrote: “Movie genres, no less

 

 

than great civilizations, have their periods of ascent and descent. Musicals, Westerns and

 

 

the dead-serious romance have all flourished, then nearly perished. Now the superhero

 

 

format looks close to being spent. In the late 1930s and early ’40s the paradigm was born,

 

 

as a babysitter for Saturday-matinee kids, in the form of B-minus serials in 12 to 15

 

 

weekly chapters; Captain America was one such chapter play, the first Marvel character

 

 

to make it to the big screen. Comic-book heroes didn’t graduate to “A” movies until the

 

 

1978 Superman; then the 2002 Spider-Man opened the floodgates. Now every summer

 

 

boasts a platoon of steel-jawed planet-savers. This one already had Thor, X-Men: First

 

 

Class and Green Lantern, with new segments of Pirates of the Caribbean and

 

 

Transformers adding to the genre glut, and Rise of the Planet of the Apes and Conan the

 

 

Barbarian coming in August. Can you wonder that connoisseurs sag from ennui?

 

 

On its own, Captain America is a modestly engaging little-big movie in the median

 

MOVIE REVIEW: CAPTAIN AMERICA THE FIRST AVENGER                          3

 

 

range: well below the first Iron Man, somewhat above X-Men: First Class. It approaches

 

 

one of Marvel’s earliest good guys, created in 1941 by writer Joe Simon and illustrator

 

 

Jack Kirby, with the utmost reverence. Screenwriters Christopher Markus and Stephen

 

 

McFeeley, who wrote the Narnia films and You Kill Me have faithfully adapted the

 

 

origins story of Steve Rogers (Chris Evans), a little guy, beset by bullies, who’s gung-ho

 

 

to go to war and is enlisted in a secret Army project that transforms him from a 90-pound

 

 

weakling into a Charles Atlas figure who can outrun a speeding taxi and battle Hitler’s

 

 

most potent mad scientist. That would be Johann Schmidt (Hugo Weaving), aka the Red

 

 

Skull, in a sneering-villain guise with the bone structure of Kevin Bacon (First Class

 

 

main meanie) and the Teutonic vocal timbre of Werner Herzog. Director Joe Johnson

 

 

choreographs some cool chases, and the production team provides a loving reimagining

 

 

of New York in the ’40s.

 

The only problem is that we’ve been there — been nearly everywhere Captain

 

 

America goes — in countless previous movies. The undergrown underdog could be Peter

 

 

Parker before he became Spider-Man. Steve’s skill set isn’t so special, since it’s served a

 

MOVIE REVIEW: CAPTAIN AMERICA THE FIRST AVENGER                          4

 

 

dozen or more superheroes. The infiltration of a fantasy story into historical events was

 

 

used in X-Men: First Class, where Charles Xavier and his mutant gang averted the Cuban

 

 

Missile Crisis, and, for that matter, in Quentin Tarantino’s Inglourious Basterds, another

 

 

chimerical rewrite of U.S. soldiers’ efforts to bring down Nazi Germany. We get it: G.I.

 

 

Joe killed Hitler — though, really, it was the Soviet Army that exhausted his troops, and

 

 

Hitler killed himself.

 

 

Other films’ handprints are all over Captain America. The remarkable visual effects that

 

 

make the early runty Steve eerily realistic (by superimposing Evans’ thinned-out face on a

 

 

much smaller actor’s body) are a refinement on the techniques used to turn Brad Pitt into

 

 

an old man, a boy and a baby in The Curious Case of Benjamin Button. Even the movies

 

 

this movie steals from have been widely and recently filched. Captain America uses

 

 

Raiders of the Lost Ark as a template; but the makers of Green Lantern already filched

 

 

the Ark of the Covenant as MacGuffin. They called it the Parallax; here it’s the Tesseract.

 

 

To get a sense of the superhero in his raw, cheapo prime, check out the 1943

 

 

MOVIE REVIEW: CAPTAIN AMERICA THE FIRST AVENGER                          5

 

 

Captain America serial — where our hero sports a disguise that would fool even the Red

 

 

Skull. In the Republic version, Army volunteer Steve Rogers has morphed into fearless

 

 

District Attorney Grant Gardner. Played by the not-at-all-ripped Dick Purcell (who

 

 

shortly after filming ended played a round of golf and collapsed dead of a heart attack at

 

 

35), Gardner does occasionally dress up in star-spangled drag but without the comic-book

 

 

hero’s trusty discus-boomerang shield — only a gun. And instead of pulverizing Nazis, he

 

 

pursues American archaeologist Dr. Cyrus Maldor (Lionel Atwill), a standard-issue

 

 

archfiend with the nom de crime the Scarab, whose “purple-death poison” clouds his

 

 

rivals’ minds and forces them to commit suicide.

 

 

For four hours and through 15 episodes, Gardner and Maldor wrangle over such fanciful

 

 

inventions as the Life-Restoring Machine, the instant-mummifying device, the Portable

 

 

Electronic Fire Bolt and its antidote, the Fire Bolt Locator and, best of all, the Thermo-

 

 

dynamic Vibration Engine. This last weapon, also known as the Dynamic Vibrator, has

 

 

the power of 100 million volts, “a force that would shatter a 20-story building like an

 

 

eggshell.” Most of the cliffhanger episodes climax with a furious fight between Gardner

MOVIE REVIEW: CAPTAIN AMERICA THE FIRST AVENGER                          6

 

 

and Maldor’s henchmen, intercut with shots of a needle on one of the weapons’ dials

 

 

shakily rising to the inevitable moment when everything will go boom.

 

 

Directed by John English and Elmer Clifton, the 1943 Captain America doesn’t have the

 

 

vigor of the terrific serials (Spy Smasher, Drums of Fu Manchu and Dick Tracy Returns)

 

 

that English would turn out with William Witney in a few weeks and for about $100,000.

 

 

But its artless rendering of what were then new clichés of wish-fulfillment — the dream

 

 

that pure and stalwart guys could defeat real-life villains — makes it fresher and more

 

 

fun than the $100-million mastodons parading through today’s multiplexes. Find one of

 

 

these old serials, friend. They’re a tonic for the debilitating malady of Superhero

 

 

Overload.” My input on his review is accurate and although I haven’t seen the 1943

 

 

Captain America film I disagree how he observes Captain America as a G.I. Joe who

 

 

killed Hitler fictionally when we all know Adolf Hitler killed himself.  He critizes the

 

 

movie as here is another superhero movie from Marvel.  I can tell the critic is old

 

 

fashioned and is definitely coming from an older generation, but atleast give credit for the

 

 

generation that has the priviledge to witness a Captain America movie in good high

MOVIE REVIEW: CAPTAIN AMERICA THE FIRST AVENGER                          7

 

 

definition quality.  Although, researching on the old Captain America film it looked very

 

 

old-fashioned, and western with no computer graphics.  The costume was plain and

 

 

simple.  However, this movie illustrates a high value costume in which for this generation

 

 

today “very cool.”  As a child I grew up collecting comic books of marvel

 

 

super heroes such as: The Avengers which includes Captain America, Iron Man, Thor,

 

 

and Spiderman with the addition of the S.H.I.E.L.D (Strategic Inervention Espionage,

 

 

Law-Enforcement Division).  In the meantime they were all just cartoon comics, but

 

 

having to enjoy the pleasure of watching upcoming films is definitely an eye opener.  It

 

 

somewhat brings back the little kid in me as I await for each movie release with the

 

 

thought of having some popcorn and drinks.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MOVIE REVIEW: CAPTAIN AMERICA THE FIRST AVENGER                          8

 

 

 

 

Citation

 

 

http://www.time.com/time/arts/article/0,8599,2084797,00.html#ixzz1TGAiuLWF

0

Barcelona is one of the best places I’ve visited in my lifetime which I can call my second home. This city resembles a lot to me since it is where my father first met my mother. My mother was petitioned by her younger sister Aunt Magda to work in Spain.

BARCELONA, SPAIN                                                                                                    1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Barcelona, Spain

Ron Cunanan

DeVry University

August 24, 2011

Professor Vivianne Macadam

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BARCELONA, SPAIN                                                                                                      2

 

 

Barcelona is one of the best places I’ve visited in my lifetime which I can call my

 

 

second home.  This city resembles a lot to me since it is where my father first met my

 

 

mother. My mother was petitioned by her younger sister Aunt Magda to work in Spain.

 

 

My aunt is definitely one of the people in my life that is very dear to me, however she

 

 

went through sacrifices of leaving the Philippines to find work and live a better life.

 

 

My Father endured a hard life while he was young and was petition by his

 

 

younger brother Uncle Danny to live in the United States.  My father joined the United

 

 

States Marine Corps and I can remember the first time he told me how he met my mother

 

 

like it was yesterday.  He told me, “Son, When I first met your mother I was deployed on

 

 

a United States Naval Vessel on a Mediterranean cruise for the first time in his life and

 

 

the first stop was Barcelona, Spain.” He met my mother at Plaza Calunya, it’s a famous

 

 

tourist attraction for their famous statues and fountains.  My first visit to Barcelona was

 

 

August of last year, I was amazed on the customs and cultures the people displayed as I

 

 

observed how people greeted each other.  They are very traditional, friendly, and

 

 

religious.  How they greet each other is kisses on both cheeks and the Spanish is nothing BARCELONA, SPAIN                                                                                           3

 

 

I’ve heard of before, but it sounded very pure, genuine, and clean. Barcelona is a unique

 

 

city with places to see, places to eat, and is so easy to fall in love with this place.  It has

 

 

inspired me a lot to learn new things such as their language, culture, and heavily

 

 

influenced me to learn the guitar after hearing the Spanish guitar musicals they played as

 

 

you feel the ambiance and energy of the people around you as I venture this city.

 

 

Looking back in history, it is unclear how this city was founded, legends say during the

 

 

Roman time it was a foundation of the city to Hercules before the foundation of Rome.

 

 

As Hercules joins up with Jason and the Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece,

 

 

traveling across the Mediterranean in nine ships. One of the ships is lost in storm off the

 

 

coast off the Catalan Coast, while Hercules sets out of locate it. He finds it wrecked by a

 

 

small hill, but with the crew alive.  The crew were so taken by the beauty of the location

 

 

that they founded a city with the name “Barca Nona” which means ninth ship.  The

 

 

people are very proud of their culture. Picasso, another famous figure spent a lot of time

 

 

in this city where he painted “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” a portrait of five nude

 

 

prostitutes from a Brothel in Carrer d’Avinyo in Barcelona. Another famous role model is BARCELONA, SPAIN                                                                                              4

 

 

Antoni Gaudi, a Spanish Catalan Architect and the best-known representative of Catalan

 

 

Modernism. Gaudi’s works are situated in the Catalan capital of Barcelona, the Sagrada

 

 

Familia.  Sagrada Familia, is a large Roman Catholic church, although incomplete due to

 

 

his death in 1926.   Each and every single day I was in Barcelona my aunt Magda wanted

 

 

to show us everywhere and one place I’ll remember was a trip to Park Guell, which is a

 

 

garden complex which was also created by Antoni Gaudi.  It was first created for a

 

 

garden city movement for Eusebi Guell, whom the park was named after.  While

 

 

observing the creations of this park I can’t help but notice how everything was layed-out

 

 

for creating such ideas such as a colonnaded footpath under the roadway viaduct, with

 

 

external columns sloping to take the diagonal thrust from the vault supporting the road.

 

 

He also built bird ness in the terrace walls, mosaic work on the main terrace, and a

 

 

multicolored mosaic dragon fountain at the main entrance.

 

 

Barcelona is the 16th-most-visited city in the world and 4th most visited in Europe after

 

 

Paris, London, and Rome, with several tourists every year.  The

 

 

beaches, one of the my vacation spots that amazed me while my stay at Barcelona though

BARCELONA, SPAIN                                                                                                     5

 

 

this might sound awkward, but was unaware I was passing by looking for a location to

 

 

settle down and witnessing topless women everywhere. I realized it’s a big culture shock

 

 

and it does give me a big perspective of how people live and our very comfortable with

 

 

themselves. The community of Barcelona are big soccer fans, thousands of people will be

 

 

in attendance for their home games.  My relatives told me, “It’s a very good experience to

 

 

watch the games live and cheer on for their home team Barcelona.” Last year, Barcelona

 

 

won their first FIFA World Cup last year in South Africa against the Netherlands.  I

 

 

myself witnessed it on live television rooting for Spain to win it, after witnessing their

 

 

victory I became a fan of soccer and the city of Barcelona.  This country not only inspires

 

 

me by the beautiful things around it but also the language intrigues me to learn.  Catalan,

 

 

is a romance language. It’s origin came from Andorra, and a co-official language in the

 

 

Spanish communities of Catalonia.  The language, the culture, everything about this city

 

 

is why I love the whole atmosphere which inspires me to move here one day for atleast a

 

 

year.  All in all I believe it would be a good experience for anyone else that wants to

 

 

pursue their dreams of even experiencing living overseas once in their lifetime.

BARCELONA, SPAIN                                                                                                     6

 

 

Today, not many people have the courage to do something for themselves and go what

 

 

they what they want to do while they’re still young and by the time they get old they had

 

 

wished and now regretted to fulfill their dreams.

 

 

For the above reasons, I call Barcelona my second home and I feel honored

 

 

with the decisions my father and mother have made making the courage of stepping out

 

 

of their comfort zone for a better life. As a result I wouldn’t be here writing this

 

 

paper today.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BARCELONA, SPAIN                                                                                                       7

 

 

Citations

 

 

  1. http://www.citymayors.com/economics/richest_cities.html
  2. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/53030/Barcelona
  3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plaça_de_Catalunya,_Barcelona
  4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barcelona
  5. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5iXcHDxnCEyTeb4JLg1sf2BGNprDQ
  6. http://www.gaudiclub.com/ingles/i_vida/i_menu.html