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Community policing

Community policing is a progressive model of police work partnering with the local community residents, and focuses on police from arrests to intervention and preventative “problem solving.”  In its most reductive form, this approach is viewed as an alternative from deploying officers in patrol cars to deploying them on the street and encourages ongoing relationships with residents.

Elements frequently associated with COP programs:

 

1)       Empowerment of the community

2)       The reliance of police on citizens for authority, information, and

Collaboration

3)       The application of general knowledge and skill

4)       Specific  tactics targeted at particular problems rather than general tactics such as preventive patrol and rapid response

5)       Decentralized authority to better respond to neighborhood needs

 

Skolnick & Bayley. 1988

Segments of community Oriented Policing (COP) and problem-oriented policing (POP).  The COP approach is implemented by division of patrol officers into two teams, Beat Teams and Rapid Response Teams. A majority of the time the Beat teams mingle in the community organizations and events.  The Rapid Response Teams generally focus on overflow and low-priority 911 calls. This allows officers to respond quickly to problems within the community so that   problems don’t escalate. (Eck and Spellman, 1987)

 

Typical strategies used in COP include foot patrols, school resource officers, storefronts and mini sub-stations, the geographic assignment of officers, and neighborhood-based crime prevention activities. (Zhao, He, and Lovrich 2003)

 

 

 

 

Community Policing – cont.

 

 

References

Eck, John E., and William Spelman. “A Problem-Oriented Approach to Police Service

Delivery.” Police and Policing: Contemporary Issues, ed. Dennis Jay Kenney. New York:

Praeger. 1989:p.101.

Greene, Jack R. 2000. “Community policing in America: Changing the Nature, Structure and Function of the Police.” pp. 299-370


Skolnick, Jerome K., and David H. Bayley. 1988. Theme and Variation in Community Policing. In Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, edited by M. Tonry and N. Morris. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press.

 

Zhao, Jihong Solomon, Ni He, and Nicholas P. Lovrich. 2003. Community Policing: Did It Change the Basic Functions of Policing in the 1990s? A National Follow-Up Study.Justice Quarterly 20 (4):697–724

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The outlawing of slavery

 
Ethical Progress

The outlawing of slavery and extending voting rights to women seem to indicate that ethics can have beneficial results. Give an example from the past that indicates a similar result or a current social policy that might be regarded as wrong, which therefore needs to be changed. Give your reasons and indicate which ethical theory you believe provides the best support for your view.

Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.

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It is often overlooked that a motion for a new trial can be brought not only after jury or bench trial, but also after certain dispositive motions resulting in a final judgment, including a judgment of dismissal after a demurrer is sustained, a judgment on the pleadings, and summary judgment. Therefore, anytime you have an adverse judgment, consider whether a motion for a new trial is available. First, consider whether grounds for a new trial exist in your case. The grounds are listed in section 657 of the Code of Civil Procedure, and include irregularity in the proceedings; jury misconduct; accident or surprise; newly discovered evidence; excessive or inadequate damages; insufficiency of the evidence or the verdict or decision is against the law; or error in law. The court may also grant a new trial on only part of the issues, such as damages. The unique thing about these motions is that, under certain circumstances, judges have the power to weigh the evidence in determining whether to grant a new trial. Section 657 provides that where the moving party claims that the evidence is insufficient to support the verdict, or the damages are excessive or inadequate, the court must consider the entire record and decide whether the court or jury should have reached a different result. The judge can consider the quantity and quality of the evidence presented, including the credibility of the witnesses at trial. The court of appeal, in contrast, generally cannot weigh the evidence in this manner.

Elasha Cheathams

Robert Winters

CJ227

August 28, 2012

 

Seminar Assignment

            It is often overlooked that a motion for a new trial can be brought not only after jury or bench trial, but also after certain dispositive motions resulting in a final judgment,

including a judgment of dismissal after a demurrer is sustained, a judgment on the

pleadings, and summary judgment. Therefore, anytime you have an adverse judgment,

consider whether a motion for a new trial is available. First, consider whether grounds for a new trial exist in your case. The grounds are listed in section 657 of the Code of Civil Procedure, and include irregularity in the proceedings; jury misconduct; accident or surprise; newly discovered evidence; excessive or inadequate damages; insufficiency of the evidence or the verdict or decision is against the law; or error in law. The court may also grant a new trial on only part of the issues, such as damages. The unique thing about these motions is that, under certain circumstances, judges have the power to weigh the evidence in determining whether to grant a new trial. Section 657 provides that where the moving party claims that the evidence is insufficient to support the verdict, or the damages are excessive or inadequate, the court must consider the entire record and decide whether the court or jury should have reached a different result. The judge can consider the quantity and quality of the evidence presented, including the credibility of the witnesses at trial. The court of appeal, in contrast, generally cannot weigh the evidence in this manner.

 

Often at time you have to consider whether you need additional evidence to support your motion. If you are arguing that there was irregularity in the proceedings; jury misconduct; accident or surprise; or newly discovered evidence, then you need to support these arguments with affidavits or declarations. If you are opposing such a motion, then you may wish to submit counter-affidavits. Note that if you contend that there was jury misconduct (or are opposing a motion on this basis), there are special rules regarding the admissibility of statements by jurors: in general, statements about conduct or events are admissible, while statements about the jurors’ subjective reasoning processes are not. While it is important to timely file your motion papers, it is equally important to make sure that your motion is heard and decided within the jurisdictional deadline and according to the rules. Section 661 of the Code of Civil Procedure provides that such motions must be “heard and determined” by the judge who presided over the trial, unless

that judge is unable to hear the motion. The judge must hear the matter and rule upon it within 60 days after notice of entry of the judgment; the court has no power to rule on the motion after the 60-day time period has expired. It is up to the moving party to make sure that the motion is scheduled with sufficient time for the court to hear and decide the motion. Most courts give calendar precedence to motions for new trial; they understand the need to schedule a hearing quickly.

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The people who speed through my parking lot frustrate me. I tend to say, “I guess if that’s what they want to do, it is up to them.” This is relativism on some level. I don’t agree with them, but I contradict the frustration by saying, “I guess if that’s what they want to do it’s up to them.” To me, there are all different kinds of levels of relativism. We are discussing, in this post, various ethical and religious viewpoints and the challenges relativism presents to them. When choosing a topic to discuss, it can be difficult because of the backgrounds and religious viewpoints each individual has. My topic of choice is abortion.

The people who speed through my parking lot frustrate me.  I tend to say, “I guess if that’s what they want to do, it is up to them.”  This is relativism on some level.  I don’t agree with them, but I contradict the frustration by saying, “I guess if that’s what they want to do it’s up to them.”  To me, there are all different kinds of levels of relativism.  We are discussing, in this post, various ethical and religious viewpoints and the challenges relativism presents to them.  When choosing a topic to discuss, it can be difficult because of the backgrounds and religious viewpoints each individual has.  My topic of choice is abortion.

Why is this a moral topic?  When researching this topic, there was one question that made it a moral issue in society.  That question was, is abortion murder?  In my opinion, yes it is.  Why is it morally wrong?   Well, from a Christian standpoint it is wrong because life is a gift from God and no one person has the right to say whether or not it should be taken away, unless, it is from the Alpha Omega himself.

Upon researching this topic, I also stumbled upon ethical topics when it comes to abortion.  Some are as follows:  Are embryos, zygotes and fetuses “a person” valuable of legal protection? Does a fetus gain rights as it gets closer to birth? Does a woman have an unlimited right to decide what happens in and to her body?  Is abortion acceptable in cases of rape, incest and contraception failures?  Is abortion tolerable in cases where the fetus is deformed? Is abortion acceptable in cases where if the pregnancy were to continue, it would pose a direct threat to the life of the mother?  These are very hard questions to answer.  As Christians, shouldn’t we let God be the judge of these questions? First and foremost he is our creator.  Like the old saying goes, he brought us into this world and he will take us out.

We as a society have been given the right to be for or against this topic.  One thing I don’t understand about some extreme anti-abortion individuals is, it’s not ok to kill the fetus, but it is ok to kill the one who performs or has had the procedure.  Is this ethically or morally right? Once again, in my opinion, no! What you believe as an anti-abortion advocate is murders is not an option, but then are contradicting yourself by either saying or committing the ethical and moral act also.  This leads into our next question, what is moral relativism?  To answer the question, truth is not absolute but relative to each and every individual.  What does this mean?  INDIVIDUAL, is the key word.  A relativist in the case of abortion, most obvious, would be that they do not believe it is up to the father of the child to be born. They believe the choice goes only to one individual, that being the mother.  What are we saying here, is a pro-abortion activist a relativist?

 

 

In a document I recently read, a mayor stated, “I do not believe in abortion, but it is up to the mother.”  How can one interpret this?  Really, it’s as I said in the beginning with the speeding cars, its contradictive, or wishy washy if you will.  I feel that this is a non-justified statement.  The statement is saying I believe one thing, but believe that whatever you believe is correct too.  This is not an option in my mind.  It’s hypocritical to say the least.  As a relativist goes, this is what they believe and implicate when campaigning their ideas on topics.  It is very hard to accept the idea.  Although, I feel they justify each of their beliefs by taking the easy way out.

 

 

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Using the information found on mypyramid.gov, identify the recommended daily allowance for each of the five food groups below, for your age and gender. Include the URL below for the location you found this information.

BIOS140:  Week 4 iLab – Nutrition

Name: Adriana Arroyo

  1.  (5 pts) Food Groups:  Using the information found on mypyramid.gov, identify the recommended daily allowance for each of the five food groups below, for your age and gender.  Include the URL below for the location you found this information.
Food group Recommended daily allowance (RDA)

**Include units (cups, ounces, etc.)

URL
Protein 6 oz https://www.choosemyplate.gov/SuperTracker/myplan.aspx
Dairy 3 cups https://www.choosemyplate.gov/SuperTracker/myplan.aspx
Fruits 2 cups https://www.choosemyplate.gov/SuperTracker/myplan.aspx
Vegetables 3 cups https://www.choosemyplate.gov/SuperTracker/myplan.aspx
Grains 7 oz https://www.choosemyplate.gov/SuperTracker/myplan.aspx

 

  1.  (10 pts) Food intake diary:  Record the food and amount eaten.  Include the units (cups, ounces, etc.).  NOTE:  It is not necessary that the food diary be from three consecutive days.
Meal Day 1 Day 2 Day 3
Breakfast 1 cup of Cherrios with ½ Nonfat Milk and 1 whole banana 1 cup oatmeal with 1 Bagel thin 1 cup oatmeal with 1 Bagel thin
Lunch 1 whole mango 1 whole peach 1 whole mango
Dinner 4 oz Salmon with 2 cups salad and 1 tbsp of Caesar dressing Panda Bowl with chow mein and orange chicken from Panda Express 2 Gorditas with ½ cup requeson
Snack(s) 1 whole peach 1 whole peach 1 whole peach
Other 1 cup of coffee with 8 Marias Gamesa cookies 1 cup of hot chocolate with nonfat milk with 1 piece pan dulce 1 cup of coffee with 1 piece of pan dulce

 

  1.  (5 pts) Determine the average amount of each food group that you consumed over the three days above.
Food group

Average intake

**Include units (cups, ounces, etc.)

Difference from RDA

**Indicate if you ate more or less than the RDA and the quantity.  Include your units.

Protein

6 ½ oz of protein

Less than the RDA; 18 oz protein for 3 days total

Dairy

3 ½ cups of milk

Less than the RDA; 9 cups dairy for 3 days total

Fruits

3 cups of fruit

Less than the RDA; 9 cups fruits for 3 days total

Vegetables

2 cups of vegetables

Less than the RDA; 9 cups vegetables for 3 days total

Grains

16 ounces of grains

Less than the RDA; 21 ounces grains for 3 days total

 

  1.  (5 pts) Design healthy meals for one day, per the recommendations of www.choosemyplate.gov, taking into account foods that you like.
Meal Item and amount
Breakfast ½ cup oatmeal, 1 cup of nonfat milk, 1 cup banana sliced
Lunch ½ muffin, 1 egg, 1 cup yogurt, 1 cup green peas
Dinner 1 salmon steak with 1 cup chopped broccoli, ½ cup brown rice, and ½ ounce of mozzarella cheese
Snack(s) 1 cup fruits with ½ cup greek yogurt and ½ cup of milk
Other 1 cup carrots and 1 cup yogurt

 

  1. (5 pts) For your meal plan above, what choices did you need to make in designing a healthy meal plan?

I wanted to keep everything simple because I don’t want to worry about counting calories but I already know what portion sizes I should eat.  I know that I need a balance of carbohydrates, protein fiber, fat, vitamins, and minerals to have a healthy body.  But I don’t need to ignore all the bad food just need to practice moderation.

  1. (5 pts) Discuss how the meal plan above might change if one was trying to lose weight.

Healthy foods are essential for losing weight.  Eating small meals and the right foods every 2-3 hours maintains a steady blood sugar and energy level and optimizes the calories you eat with plenty of nutrients.  Carbohydrates fuel you while protein provides the amino acids necessary for muscle toning. Unsaturated fat keeps you satisfied and enhances the health of your arteries. Fiber keeps you full on fewer calories while vitamins and minerals enhance oxygen delivery and muscle contraction.

  1. (5 pts) Discuss how the meal plan above might change if an individual was training for a marathon.

Every athlete requires a well-balanced diet that consists primarily of healthy foods and a high fluid intake for obtaining adequate hydration.  For runners, an optimal diet depends on a few factors, including exercise duration and individual nutritional needs. The primary nutrient important in the diet for endurance athletes, such as runners, is carbohydrates, which require less oxygen to convert to energy compared with fats.

 

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I once heard that if a person is looking for love they will find it, it when they stop looking that it will eventually find them. Love is an unwarranted word, it has no true meaning, it is only an expression of a feeling that a person has for something or somebody. The Love a person expresses towards their mother is not the same type of love that they feel towards their pet or their spouse. Love comes in many different degrees and is expressed differently.

Managing Relationships Paper 1

 

 

 

 

                                   

                                 Individual: Managing Relationships Paper

                                                            

 

                                                            Robert Nicol

 

               XCOM/200 FOUNDATIONS OF INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION

 

                                                         February 19, 2012

 

 

                                                           Debra Bourdeau

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                    Managing Relationships Paper 2

 

 

 

 

I once heard that if a person is looking for love they will find it, it when they stop looking that it will eventually find them. Love is an unwarranted word, it has no true meaning, it is only an expression of a feeling that a person has for something or somebody.  The Love a person expresses towards their mother is not the same type of love that they feel towards their pet or their spouse. Love comes in many different degrees and is expressed differently.

 

Many people, whether consciously or unconsciously believe that love is a sensation (whether physical or an emotional attraction) that magically generates when they feel that Mr. or Mrs. Right appears. The thing with love is that people can fall out of love just as easily as they fall in love. Maybe this is why so many people are single, (Manolson, G, (2002)

The only relationship that I am in is with my wife, Victoria Marie Blessing. We met each other in October 2008, but really did not get to know each other until a couple of months later. Just because you know a person by name does not mean that you actually know that person.

Our relationship is at an intimate level. However; it did start out as a “relationship of circumstance” because neither of us was looking for someone to form a relationship with, she just dialed the wrong phone number. Actually it started out as a sexual relationship, because we were both horny and lonely and then it developed into a personal relationship and then over time we decided that we did want to form an intimate relationship.

I was living in Colorado a few years ago, I was on the phone with my ex-girlfriend when I got

                                                                                                   Managing Relationships Paper 3

 

a beep came in, I switched over to the other line and there was this voice that entranced me. After twenty minutes trying to explain that she had called the wrong number, she finally understood and was ready to hang up. I stated that I was not doing anything and that if she was not busy, did she mind talking for awhile, she accepted and we ended up talking for four hours that night.

After that first week we hit it off and we spent every weekend together, sometimes with her staying for the entire week. I did not plan on forming a serious relationship with anybody, but I totally enjoyed being with her that after four months of hanging out that I know that I did not want to be without her, so I asked her to marry me and she accepted.

Our relationship is based on each other being open and honest with the other, everything that we do we discuss with each other so that later in life there was no misunderstanding of anything. When I am not at work or in school I try to spend as much time with Vicki as I can because I do totally enjoy being with her. One of the things that attracted me to her is her voice, but also the fact that we are so different. We are both private people even though I do at times communicate with our neighbors, as she is just content to stay at home and not talk to others. It is hard for her to communicate with people that she does not know, for some reason she does not trust people, it has to do with too many people screwing her over.

Our relationship is symmetric relationship, we do not try to dominate over each other, our relationship has always been of the interdependent nature. Even though at this time she is very sick, I try to do whatever I can to make things easier on her. We have an open and honest

                                                                                                  Managing Relationships Paper 4

 

relationship and allow each other their own space when we feel that it is needed. Our relationship is based on honesty, communication and compromise, neither of us does anything without discussing it with the other. Even though I am the only one working, I feel that the money is both of ours because I believe that since we are married then she also has say so over how the money is spend the money and vise versa. I feel that once a couple gets married then everything should be shared equally, not what is mine is mine and what is yours is yours. A relationship cannot endure unless both parties have an equal amount of power within the relationship.

According to the text it would refer to our relationship as having Referent Power; “Referent power is power that comes from our attraction to another person, or the charisma a person possesses. We let people we like influence us. We change our behavior to meet their demands or desires because we are attracted to them”. (Beebe, S. A., Beebe, S. J., & Redmond, M, (2008). To me; it means that people may change some things within their lives (compromise) in order to meet the needs of the other person.

 

I think attraction is important in a relationship; the two people have to be attracted to each other in order to keep the relationship together. Even though my wife has lost quite a bit of weight due to being sick, I still find her beautiful and am still attracted to her as I was the first day that I met her. I do not think that power should have any play in a relationship or it should at

 

                                                                                                    Managing Relationships Paper 5

 

least be shared equally, to me a relationship is based on Love, honesty, compassion and compromise.

I think that the one area that we need to work on is communication because with me having to work all day and then come home and go directly into school we do not get much time to sit and talk too much anymore. On her side of it, with her being as sick as she has been lately, she is a bit cranky and not in much of a mood to talk. With me being close to finishing this segment of my schooling I will have the time to sit and talk with her more. With her finally getting accepted for insurance she is now able to get the medical attention that she needs.

 

Even though I do try to comfort and support her while she is sick, I feel that there is more that I should do, sometimes I feel helpless because I know how much pain she is going through, but there is nothing that I can do for her! With her being sick like this, it puts more of a strain on me because it is up to me to work, do school, cook, clean and do the laundry and shopping. Because I do love her I “Grin and bear it” because I do know that now that she is seeing a doctor then she will get better and back to being herself. The only thing that I can do is be supportive and try to comfort as much as I can and to be tolerant because of her condition. I do constantly let her know how I feel about her so that she does not worry so much!

 

Plus I know how unhappy she is living here in Florida, so when she is able we plan on going back to Colorado. Which is we are both looking forward since we want to buy some land in or

                                                                                                    Managing Relationships Paper 6

 

 

near the mountains and build a cabin. I just want to make her happy, and I know that if I can get her back to Colorado she will be, and the bonus is that I want to go back as well.

A relationship is like a car, it has to be worked on to keep it going, without proper maintenance and care it will die on you, just like a relationship, you have to maintain it or it will fall apart. For a relationship to prosper there must be honesty, trust, communication and compromise. All in all, people and items are completely two different things, but I’m sure that for those who put so much effort into shining and upgrading their latest ride, put the same love and care into the people that mean something to them, they would see there can be nothing but smooth cruising for the long road ahead.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                    Managing Relationships Paper 7

 

 

 

References

 

 

 

 

Beebe, S. A., Beebe, S. J., & Redmond, M. (2008). Interpersonal communication: Relating to’

others (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.

 

Manolson, G, (2002), What is Love, “HEAD TO HEART” Published by Targum Press

Submit Comment

 

 

 

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I work for a health care organization and since I will like to one day work in the HR department I decided to interview someone here. When I first called the HR department, it was not simple to get someone titled a job analyst or compensation analyst this is because the organization has many organizations within. The reception their stated I may get what I need from speaking to the Human Resource manager Jerome, she then transferred me to his voice mail.

Kaiser Permanente HR Department and Job Evaluations

BUS303: Human Resources Management

Sam Palazzolo

February 20, 2012

 

Kaiser Permanente HR Department and Job Evaluations

I work for a health care organization and since I will like to one day work in the HR department I decided to interview someone here.  When I first called the HR department, it was not simple to get someone titled a job analyst or compensation analyst this is because the organization has many organizations within.  The reception their stated I may get what I need from speaking to the Human Resource manager Jerome, she then transferred me to his voice mail.

Jerome reached me a few days later, he was very pleasant to meet and he seems very busy but he stated he had time to meet after lunch.  Jerome has worked for Kaiser Permanente for about 8 years, he stated he started in the call center and eventually moved his way up, with education and classes Kaiser offered him within the organization.  He stated the job can at times be very stressful because of policies they have to follow this being unions and government.  I mention to him that I am attending school online and that I would like to one day work in HR and that my present class Human resource management required me to interview a job analyst or compensation analyst.  The two questions needed to be ask that is; what type of job evaluation system is used at your place of employment? Who conducts the evaluation?

He stated that there are four groups within the organization and that each has a group of people design to better evaluate the people within its peers.  He stated the unions that each group belongs to has much to say when it comes to union contract which is why they work closely when performing evaluations within the positions, this help with conflict down the line.  The four groups are Kaiser Foundation Health Plan and Hospital which includes management, Permanente Medical Group which the doctors belong to, UFCW Local 7 which RN’s, PA’s and NP’s belong to, and SEIU Local 105 which the other majority of non-management employees belong to.

He stated that when positions reviews are done they not only consult peers within the group like other employees but also the union and two administrators and himself or the Director of Human Resource.  He stated the organization likes to follow policies very closely so when job evaluations are being done they view many things.  A job evaluation is a process that identifies the position, analyses it and measures the job against other positions in the area to measure up in compensation and job quality.

I asked him, how is a medical assistant position measured and differentiated from an LPN position since both do much related jobs in the organization.  He stated the first think they view are factors like education, skills, responsibilities and working conditions.  He stated that both positions can easily be split because one has more liability to the company then the other since one carries a license.  An LPN also goes to school longer, and they are able to perform many other tasks like IV’s, catheters, and give medications MA’s cannot give.  The second thing is to collect information on the job being evaluated, by gathering job descriptions, observations questionnaires using survey monkey and interviews with employees and department managers and supervisors.

He asked me if I remember last year being observed by a third party, which I did, he stated that this group was hired to look at the work we were being given and the time we are given to perform the task, this helped them evaluate how many more MA positions they could open and LPN’s moved to department they are in lack of.  It also helped them view the environment each is face with which helps with compensation; he stated without it they would not know how much a MA transition from front to back office in one day.  This helps when posting job descriptions because it requires for medical assistants that are hire to be flexible.

He stated the final steps are to review salary surveys from other organizations within the area so they can continue being competitive in compensation.  He stated one thing that the company does is that they recognize the cost of living increases yearly so they not only give their employees a 2% increase yearly but positions open are also increase so they do not fall behind which is why MA positions at Kaiser Permanente are hired making about $1.50 more than other competitive organizations and because of union contracts are given one of the best benefit package in the area.

Jerome stated that working in an organization like Kaiser Permanente can be very rewarding but stressful at times.  It requires for one to know its job and policies each group has for employee satisfaction.  It was obvious to me that his major role in the organization is getting the best qualified for the positions and retain those employees for many years to come.   This is why there was not just one job analyst in this organization because it requires much work to keep each job evaluation competitive than other for employee satisfaction and great work quality.

 

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Healthcare in order to continue making profit and to continue to provide good quality service to its members it requires that the company continues to view its financial performance. It allows for administrators, stockholders and government agencies to analyze how the organization will improve operational performance and financial position for future years.

Analyses and Healthcare

ACC281: Accounting Concepts for Health Care Professionals

Mark Stricklett

January 16, 2011

 

 

Analyses and Healthcare

Healthcare in order to continue making profit and to continue to provide good quality service to its members it requires that the company continues to view its financial performance.  It allows for administrators, stockholders and government agencies to analyze how the organization will improve operational performance and financial position for future years.  If an organization decided to add more to what they normally provided in a well service to the year prior and decided to then remove it as something included in the well service the organization will be able to analyze if it was something they need to provide again.  Healthcare organizations can analyze financial statements in three ways horizontal analyses, vertical analyses and ratio analyses, which the following will summarize all three analyses while showing how it can be used in analyses in a healthcare organization.

Horizontal analyses or also known as trend analyses studies the behaviors of individual financial statement over several accounting periods (Edmonds, 2010).  The period can be several quarters within the same fiscal year or several different years.  In a balance sheet and income statement absolute amounts, direction and percentages are computed by viewing each line item such as cash, short-term loans, and patient accounts receivable to look at trends from one year to the next in that particular line.

When viewing absolute amounts it calculates the gross domestic product plus the amount spent to replace productive capacity this helps judge if the company is spending excessively or conservatively (Edmonds, 2010).  Percentage analyses helps compute everything in to a percentage and compares different size companies and measures changes in percentages (Edmonds, 2010).  When directing a clinic, management needs to view year to year its supply and anticipate for the following year, by analyzing the absolute amounts they can view which medications or supplies are not used as much to place the funds where it is needed. Horizontal analyses helps healthcare to better analyze financial statements by viewing each item and placing them either in dollar amounts or percentages to view where there needs to be a change for a better year.

Vertical analyses is not much different than horizontal analyses, it uses percentages of sales and compares many items within the same time period (Edmonds, 2010).  The dollar amount of each asset account is computed as a percentage of the total assets, and the dollar amount of each liability and equity account is calculated as a percentage of the total of the liabilities and equity, which comparing both vertical and horizontal analysis can help analyze the industry-wide trend (Stahl, 2010).  Vertical is also called common-size analysis it compares different sized organizations by converting all items to percentages.  When presented in percentages it shows how much more it has decrease or increase much easier since it easily points out where the problem may be.  The vertical analyses in health care helps view what is going on now and can look at where money is going to better evaluate the next step, it is able to evaluate what percentage of operating revenues are operating expenses.

Ratio analysis studies the various relationships in a set of financial statements viewing different reported items (Edmonds, 2010).  The objective of ratio analyses is for creditors and stockholders can analyze how the company is financed, through debt, equity or earnings.  Stockholders and potential investors can analyze past earnings and dividend policies for clues for the future value of their investments (Edmonds, 2010).  As for company manages can exam past operations and planning of future policies.  The main two focuses are debt-paying abilities and measurements of profitability.  An example of a ratio analysis used in health care is the working capital the number calculated should be positive and is calculated between the difference of total current short-term assets and current short-term liabilities on the balance sheet.  If the organization shows to have more working capital compared to the average in the industry it needs to reexamine the individual current account.

As you can see an organization financial performance is something very important that everyone investing or managing the company should continue analyze from time to time so they can see where the company is standing.  It helps the organization see where the money is being spent and where is coming from and analyze how it will continue doing, the industry is not worry about not getting patients but worry to provide good quality care.  Although in order to do so the organization needs to continue keeping a balance to keep health employees and their members healthy and happy.  This can only be done by continues looking at horizontal analyses, vertical analyses and ratio analyses to continue a healthy industry.

 

 

References

Edmonds, T. P., Olds, P. R., McNair, F. M., & Tsay, B.-Y. (2010). Chapter 9. In Survey of Accounting (pp. 324-343) [Basic Section]. New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Stahl, M. J. J. (2004). Ratio Analyses. In Encyclopedia of health care management (pp. 480-481).  Retrieved from http://books.google.com/books

 

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Employee compensation methods include salary, bonuses, health insurance, 401(k) contributions, and Employee Stock Ownership Plans. Benefit programs are an essential portion of compensation methods. Most organizations offer benefits programs to include health insurance, 401 K matching plans, and vacation time (Noe, Hollenbeck, Gerhart, & Wright, 2007).

Total Compensation Methods

Employee compensation methods include salary, bonuses, health insurance, 401(k) contributions, and Employee Stock Ownership Plans.  Benefit programs are an essential portion of compensation methods.  Most organizations offer benefits programs to include health insurance, 401 K matching plans, and vacation time (Noe, Hollenbeck, Gerhart, & Wright, 2007).  In addition to these common benefits, some organizations offer benefits such as daycare services, fitness facilities, and flextime. Benefits such as 401K, vacation times, health insurance, pension plans, and bonuses help to create favorable working environment for employees.  Whatever benefits systems the organization uses should also keep the employees happy.

Organizations offer a combination of compensation methods to attract potential employees as well as retain current employees.

Health Care Benefits programs

The key compensation methods will be salary and performance awards. A person’s base salary is the most important item to a new employee. Will it be hourly, annually, or commission. Performance awards can be merit pay, commissions, bonuses, or gain sharing. The key benefit programs will be the medical and educational. The standard medical benefits will cover dental, basic medical, an eye examinations. Most organizations will add additional programs that will focus on the life work balance.  The most popular programs are Flex Spending Accounts, wellness programs, flexible, and alternative work schedules.

The compensation and benefits package tells the employee somewhat how valuable he or she is to the companies bottom-line. The compensation and benefits package refers to the talent of the human resources team and his or her ability to ensure the packages are current and desired by a diverse group of employee’s.             These programs affect the organization because human resources must ensure the alignment of the organizational goals with the individual employee’s needs.  The type of packages the organizations provide will tell its true investment in human capital and the culture it is trying to create.

The benefit and compensation mix directly affects the organizations culture and employee performance.  Building the right type of communication and relationship into the organizations policy and procedures is important. A program talks to the big and small contributions of the employees’ to improving the bottom-line.

 

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What is your thesis statement? Both McDonalds and Burger King Offer healthier alternatives to the regular menu, so eating fast food does not mean you can’t eat healthy.

Associate Program Material

Appendix F

 

Outline and Thesis Statement Guide

 

What is your thesis statement? Both McDonalds and Burger King Offer healthier alternatives to the regular menu, so eating fast food does not mean you can’t eat healthy.

 

Introduction

In today’s society people are busier than ever. Although people are leading busier lives, many still want to eat healthy. Not having time to cook makes the drive through all the more inviting. We are eating a lot more fast food these days. Both McDonalds and Burger King Offer healthier alternatives to the regular menu, so eating fast food does not mean you can’t eat healthy.

 

I.    McDonalds offers several healthy alternatives

A.   Instead of getting the crispy chicken sandwich order grilled

1.   Caloric difference between the two

2.   Ask for mayonnaise on the side

B.   The healthy alternative to French fries.

1.   Order sliced apples instead

2.    Calories saved by choosing the alternative

II.    Burger King also offers several healthy alternatives

A. fried chicken vs. grilled chicken

1.   Availability

2.   Calories

B.   healthy alternatives to fries

1.   Burger king offers apple fries (apples sliced to look like fries)

2.   Calories saved

III. The difference between the two menu options

A.   Burger kings menu

1.   Entree’s

2.   Side items

B.   McDonalds Menu

1.   Entree’s

2.   Side items

IV.  Breakfast items

A.   McDonalds breakfast menu

1.   Fruit and maple oatmeal

2.   Calories and nutrition

B.   Burger King breakfast menu

1.   Fruit topped maple oatmeal

2.   Calories and nutrition

 

Conclusion

In conclusion, although people with busy life styles face nutritional issues, there are healthy alternatives to the usual fast food menu for two main reasons. First, choices based on the availability of the healthier alternatives. But most importantly, we looked into calories and nutritional facts of certain menu items. Thus, both McDonalds and Burger King Offer healthier alternatives to the regular menu, so eating fast food does not mean you can’t eat healthy.