Toddlers - Age 1 to 3 years

§ Rapid growth rate of infancy begins to slow

§ Gain 5.5 to 7.5 inches and 9 to 11 pounds

§ High energy requirement due to increased activity level


§ 30–40% of total kcal from fat

§ 1.10 g of protein per kg body weight

§ 130 g carbohydrates per day

§ 14 g fiber per 1,000 kcal of energy consumed


§ Ensure adequate intake of the micronutrients obtained from fruits and vegetables, including

§ Vitamins A, C, E, calcium, iron, zinc

§ Iron-deficient anemia is the most common nutrient deficiency in young children

Fluid needs- 1.3 liters/day


§ Toddlers may need supplements due to their erratic eating habits, especially for fluoride

§ Supplements should not exceed 100% RDA for any nutrient

Nutritious food choices

§ Toddlers have an innate ability to match their intake with their needs

§ Keeping a nutritious variety of foods available encourages a healthful diet

§ Food should not be forced on a child

§ Do not use bribery to encourage children to eat

§ Foods prepared should be fun

Allergies – Continue to watch for food allergies

§ Introduce one new food at a time

Vegetarian families – A diet including eggs and dairy can be a healthful diet

§ A vegan diet may lack essential vitamins and minerals






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