Intelligence is the ability to understand, communicate, learn, plan, reason, and to solve
problems. Harvard psychologist Howard Gardner proposed the theories of multiple intelligence.
Gardner’s theory suggests that human beings have different ways of learning and processing
information. His theory consists of eight intelligences and has suggested that he may add a ninth
intelligence called existentialist intelligence. The IQ also known as the intelligence quotient is
a measurement of intelligence determined by a test. Gardner believed that people had different
levels of intelligence. Gardner suggests that people with abilities and talents do not just have
one intellectual capacity, but they have different intelligences including interpersonal, spatial,
linguistics, and musical intelligences (Cherry, 2011). Even though there are eight types of
intelligences, those that are the most important are interpersonal, intrapersonal, and linguistic
Interpersonal intelligence is the ability to read social cues, interpret verbal and nonverbal
communications, and to adjust communication styles (Mork, 2011). Displaying excellent
leadership skills, sensitive to other’s feeling, good at understanding people, and demonstrating
empathy toward others are examples of interpersonal intelligence. Interpersonal intelligence is a
vital factor of communication in person’s life (Buzzle, 2011). A person with a high interpersonal
intelligence has superior relationships because he or she understands the compassion, the
needs, and wants. It can also be rewarding in accomplishing healthy business relationships
as well as building personal relationships. Developing no interpersonal intelligence can lead
to work conflicts and personal conflicts. Group discussions and projects, cooperative games,
multicultural books, and discussion groups and panels can develop interpersonal intelligence.
The purpose of group discussions and projects is that it can increase communication with
everyone else and can boost confidence. Assertiveness, reasoning ability, spontaneous responses,
and leadership skills develop in people who participate in group activities. A cooperative game
is a superior way to develop interpersonal skills because it tends to mingle with different people
who belong to different races and religions that have a great understanding (Nambiar, 2010).
Playing an outdoor game that requires a team is a way to enhance interpersonal intelligence.
Reading multicultural books creates a great friendly relationship because he or she learns about
another culture such as the types of food they eat, the language they speak, and their religion.
Discussions play an important role in effective interpersonal communication (Nambiar, 2011).
This is a very effective way of developing interpersonal intelligence because that person can
understand how people perceive things. Careers for interpersonal include working as a teacher,
psychologist, politician, philosopher, and counselor.
Intrapersonal intelligence involves the knowledge of a person who has goals and makes
decisions (Lalwani, 2010). Just like interpersonal intelligence, intrapersonal intelligence can
develop through activities. Examples of intrapersonal intelligence includes meeting a person
who is confident, but he or she can meet someone with the same confidence but can be rude
or obnoxious. The difference between interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligence is that
interpersonal intelligent people develop great relationships with others whereas intrapersonal
intelligent people tend to work by themselves. People who have intrapersonal characteristics are
individuals who have a journal to write down any feelings, thoughts, or emotions and have high
goal settings and achievement abilities. Based upon these characteristics, there are certain careers
that can be accomplished by intrapersonal intelligence. Psychology, philosophy, law, social
work, writing, science, theology are careers for people who are intrapersonal.
Linguistic intelligence is the capacity to express one’s language and to understand other
people (Oak, 2010). It involves an understanding and a meaning of words. Those who have that
type of ability in languages are great public speakers and great orators are linguistic intelligent.
Also those who do like to read and write are linguistic intelligent. These people are good at
spelling words and have an interesting in language patterns. Lawyers, politicians, poets, writers,
and novelists are linguistically intelligent. The famous people who is linguistic intelligent are
Maya Angelou, William Shakespeare, and Winston Churchill. To increase linguistic intelligence
one must practice story-telling, participate in debates and discussion, and solve crossword
puzzles. Being able to word every emotionally verbally word is one skill that may be difficult for
some people, but a passion for others while wording one’s thoughts and emotions in the written
form is another (Oak, 2010).
In conclusion, Interpersonal intelligence is the ability to read social cues, interpret verbal
and nonverbal communications, and to adjust communication styles (Mork, 2011). Interpersonal
is a vital factor of communication in person’s life (Buzzle, 2011). Intrapersonal intelligence
involves the knowledge of a person who has goals and makes decisions (Lalwani, 2010). The
differences between interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligence is that interpersonal intelligent
people develop great relationships with others whereas intrapersonal intelligent people tend to
work by themselves. Linguistic intelligence is the capacity to express one’s language and to
understand other people (Oak, 2010). Those who have that type of ability in languages are great
public speakers and great orators are linguistic intelligent. Spatial, interpersonal, intrapersonal,
linguistic, mathematical, musical, naturalistic, and bodily intelligence are all intelligences that
people whether they are good at mathematics, learning new languages, working in a group, or
working by themselves, people will have intelligence.