THEORIES OF MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE Theories of Multiple Intelligence Intelligence is the ability to understand, communicate, learn, plan, reason, and to solve problems.

THEORIES OF MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE

Theories of Multiple Intelligence

Intelligence is the ability to understand, communicate, learn, plan, reason, and to solve

problems. Harvard psychologist Howard Gardner proposed the theories of multiple intelligence.

Gardner’s theory suggests that human beings have different ways of learning and processing

information. His theory consists of eight intelligences and has suggested that he may add a ninth

intelligence called existentialist intelligence. The IQ also known as the intelligence quotient is

a measurement of intelligence determined by a test. Gardner believed that people had different

levels of intelligence. Gardner suggests that people with abilities and talents do not just have

one intellectual capacity, but they have different intelligences including interpersonal, spatial,

linguistics, and musical intelligences (Cherry, 2011). Even though there are eight types of

intelligences, those that are the most important are interpersonal, intrapersonal, and linguistic

intelligences.

Interpersonal intelligence is the ability to read social cues, interpret verbal and

nonverbal communications, and to adjust communication styles (Mork, 2011). Displaying

excellent leadership skills, sensitive to other’s feeling, good at understanding people, and

demonstrating empathy toward others are examples of interpersonal intelligence. Interpersonal

intelligence is a vital factor of communication in person’s life (Nambair, 2011). A person with

a high interpersonal intelligence has superior relationships because he or she understands the

compassion, the needs, and wants. It can also be rewarding in accomplishing healthy business

relationships as well as building personal relationships. Developing no interpersonal intelligence

can lead to work conflicts and personal conflicts. Group discussions and projects, cooperative

games, multicultural books, and discussion groups and panels can develop interpersonal

intelligence. The purpose of group discussions and projects is that it can increase communication

THEORIES OF MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE

with everyone else and can boost confidence. Assertiveness, reasoning ability, spontaneous

responses, and leadership skills develop in people who participate in group activities. A

cooperative game is a superior way to develop interpersonal skills because it tends to mingle

with different people who belong to different races and religions that have a great understanding

(Nambiar, 2010). Playing an outdoor game that requires a team is a way to enhance interpersonal

intelligence. Reading multicultural books creates a great friendly relationship because he or she

learns about another culture such as the types of food they eat, the language they speak, and their

religion. Discussions play an important role in effective interpersonal communication (Nambiar,

2011). This is a very effective way of developing interpersonal intelligence because that person

can understand how people perceive things. Careers for interpersonal include working as a

teacher, psychologist, politician, philosopher, and counselor.

Intrapersonal intelligence involves the knowledge of a person who has goals and makes

decisions (Lalwani, 2010). Just like interpersonal intelligence, intrapersonal intelligence can

develop through activities. Examples of intrapersonal intelligence includes meeting a person

who is confident, but he or she can meet someone with the same confidence but can be rude

or obnoxious. The difference between interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligence is that

interpersonal intelligent people develop great relationships with others whereas intrapersonal

intelligent people tend to work by themselves. People who have intrapersonal characteristics are

individuals who have a journal to write down any feelings, thoughts, or emotions and have high

goal settings and achievement abilities. Based upon these characteristics, there are certain careers

that can be accomplished by intrapersonal intelligence. Psychology, philosophy, law, social

work, writing, science, theology are careers for people who are intrapersonal.

THEORIES OF MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE

Linguistic intelligence is the capacity to express one’s language and to understand other

people (Oak, 2010). It involves an understanding and a meaning of words. Those who have that

type of ability in languages are great public speakers and great orators are linguistic intelligent.

Also those who do like to read and write are linguistic intelligent. These people are good at

spelling words and have an interesting in language patterns. Lawyers, politicians, poets, writers,

and novelists are linguistically intelligent. The famous people who is linguistic intelligent are

Maya Angelou, William Shakespeare, and Winston Churchill. To increase linguistic intelligence

one must practice story-telling, participate in debates and discussion, and solve crossword

puzzles. Being able to word every emotionally verbally word is one skill that may be difficult for

some people, but a passion for others while wording one’s thoughts and emotions in the written

form is another (Oak, 2010).

In conclusion, Interpersonal intelligence is the ability to read social cues, interpret verbal

and nonverbal communications, and to adjust communication styles (Mork, 2011). Interpersonal

is a vital factor of communication in person’s life (Buzzle, 2011). Intrapersonal intelligence

involves the knowledge of a person who has goals and makes decisions (Lalwani, 2010). The

differences between interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligence is that interpersonal intelligent

people develop great relationships with others whereas intrapersonal intelligent people tend to

work by themselves. Linguistic intelligence is the capacity to express one’s language and to

understand other people (Oak, 2010). Those who have that type of ability in languages are great

public speakers and great orators are linguistic intelligent. Spatial, interpersonal, intrapersonal,

linguistic, mathematical, musical, naturalistic, and bodily intelligence are all intelligences that

people whether they are good at mathematics, learning new languages, working in a group, or

working by themselves, people will have intelligence.

THEORIES OF MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE

Leave a Reply