Kyoto Protocol and Global Warming Evaluation Climate is referred to as the average weather conditions from an area over many years.

Kyoto Protocol and Global Warming Evaluation

 

Climate is referred to as the average weather conditions from an area over many years.

 

Global climate change refers to the world’s average climate change. The world’s climate is

 

constantly changing for the worse because of certain human activities that ruin the world’s

 

natural balance. When scientists try to explain global climate change, they usually refer to the

 

pattern of changes that happens over many years. The increasing average temperature of the

 

Earth is one of the most important topics that a scientist reviews (Wexant, 1999).

 

Many years ago people started burning huge amounts of natural gas, coal, and oil so their

 

factories, vehicles, and homes could be powered. Still today many of people in the world receive

 

their energy needs from these fossil fuels. When fossil fuels are burned, they release a heattrapping gas (carbon dioxide) into the atmosphere. This alone is one of the main reasons that

 

cause the planet’s climate to constantly change. Carbon dioxide and other different gasses of the

 

Earth like methane and nitrous oxide are called greenhouse gases (which exist naturally in

 

Earth’s atmosphere), and they warm the Earth so that plants can grow and animals thrive.

 

Carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere have increased by 35% over the pre-industrial

 

levels. Also the increase of burning fossil fuels such as natural gas, coal, oil, methane, and the

 

nitrous oxide emissions from industry and agriculture as well as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)

 

contribute to the greenhouse effect. The production of too much carbon dioxide in the air today

 

is said to be because more fossil fuels are burned (Liverman, 2009). Because of this, the United

 

Nations (UN) started trying to understand how this activity (and others) can trigger climate

 

change and global warming costs.

 

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The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has the project of working on the

 

effect of fossil fuels and other possible cost of global warming. This eventually ended with the

 

Kyoto Protocol of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

 

Since 2004, industrialized nations were at fault for a little over half of the world’s global carbon

 

emission. Most of the future growths of carbon emissions are expected to be caused by rapidly

 

expanding developing areas such as India and China. Even though developing countries are

 

protected to grow faster carbon emissions, future per-capital emissions will be much higher in

 

industrialized countries.

 

Developing nations believe that they should not be demanded to limit emissions where

 

they are located while industrialized countries are allowed to emit much more on a per-capita

 

basis. Some of the effects of combating global climate change involves: (1) loss of forest and

 

land area, (2) loss of species, (3) an interruption of water supplies to agriculture and cities, and

 

(4) an increase in the cost of air conditioning. Some of the benefits include: (1) lower heating

 

costs, and (2) an increase in agricultural production while in cooler climates. One known

 

approach to finding economic analysis of climate change is through cost/benefit analysis.

 

The Kyoto Protocol was adopted on in Kyoto, Japan on December 11, 1997, and was not

 

entered into force until February 16, 2005. The likely benefits from the Kyoto Protocol are

 

gained by the avoided damages that occur from climate change. The Kyoto Protocol’s job is to

 

help the world control the gasses that is produced in the atmosphere, especially the gasses that

 

can cause global warming like sulfur hexafluoride, HFCs, carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous

 

oxide (Guff, 2008). The most recent assessment of the Kyoto Protocol reported that cost

 

estimates were found to be way lower than the costs estimated in the previous IPCC Third

 

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Assessment Report (Weyant, 1999). Without assistance from the United States and access to full

 

use of the Kyoto Protocol’s flexible mechanism, the cost was less than 0.05% (which was

 

compared to cost estimates of 0.1-1.1%).

 

The associated cost of the technology is not a small amount and each country is expected

 

to buy one to ensure that everything is being taken care of. In the end, companies that will not

 

pass the emission testing may face lawsuits or may even be forced to either close down or meet

 

the standards set by the Kyoto Protocol. The policy that addresses global climate change that is

 

recommend is the National Leadership on Climate Change. The reason for this federal policy is

 

that the federal government shows a superior leading role in establishing programs, national

 

standards, funding prioritization, and policies that alleviates greenhouse gas emissions and

 

prepares people and communities to adapt to global climate change.

 

The federal government can establish baseline policies and regulations, produce research,

 

and provide funding to many topics that relate to global climate change (such as energy policy

 

and motor-vehicle fuel efficiency standards). Action from the federal government establishes

 

larger, more predictable markets for emission reduction systems. Providing for climate change

 

actions that takes place at a federal level will result in more consistent approach globally and

 

also greater possibilities for successfully reaching goals for reducing emission (Vogt, 2003).

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