Throughout most of U.S. history in most locations, what race has been the majority? What is the common ancestral background of most members of this group?

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Appendix E


Part I


Define the following terms:


Term Definition
Racial formation Racial formation refers to how society continually creates and transforms its definitions of racial categories. Groups that were previously self-defined in terms of specific ethnic background (such as Mexican Americans and Japanese Americans) have become racialized as “Hispanics” and “Asian Americans.”



Segregation The separation or isolation of a race, class, or ethnic group by enforced or voluntary residence in a restricted area, by barriers to social intercourse, by separate educational facilities, or by other discriminatory means. It is also the separation for special treatment or observation of individuals or items from a larger group. For example segregation of gifted children into accelerated classes.


De jure segregation It is a real segregation or isolation of individuals from a main group which is imposed by law. The Supreme Court first approved of de jure segregation in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), holding that legislatively mandated segregation in transportation did not violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment as long as the facilities were separate but equal.

a state of society in which members of diverse ethnic, racial, religious, or social groups maintain an autonomous participation in and development of their traditional culture or special interest within the confines of a common civilization.


To absorb into the culture or morels of a population or group. To adapt or conform one’s self to a new different environment.


Part II


Answer the following questions in 150 to 350 words each:


  • Throughout most of U.S. history in most locations, what race has been the majority? What is the common ancestral background of most members of this group?



Throughout most of the U.S history in almost all locations the race which has been the majority is the “White race” which comprises both Hispanic Americans which has the highest proportion of the population in the Middle Western side of our country around 85 percent, and the Non-Hispanic which make up 79 percent of our population. “White” people usually refers to those individuals who carry a very light pigmentation of their skin however defining and reinforcing a very straightforward denotation of ethnicity and race, it is important to understand the origin of these individuals and most historical background research links them back to the Europe, Middle East or North Africa this portrays what a multicultural society we are, diverse individuals immigrated from different countries to make up what we are today encompassing different cultures, different traditions and different races this is why as time passes we become a more complex race hard to push apart.


  • What are some of the larger racial minorities in U.S. history? What have been the common ancestral backgrounds of each of these groups? When did each become a significant or notable minority group?



Throughout the years it has become more obvious which groups of our society are minorities and as I have learned throughout this course they are both Hispanics and African Americans. But in my opinion the largest minority are Hispanics which have for a long time immigrated to the United States to look for better life opportunities and increase their possibilities of acquiring a longer life expectancy this is because most Hispanic countries offer bad life conditions, and poverty is a major issue for this reason they have looked over for an escape to their torments and hope for the best in the U.S. These individuals have many common ancestral backgrounds but the main origin is Spain from here they emigrated to Mexico, Puerto Rico, Central and South America, Latin America, North America and Australia which have immigrated to the United States, this group although is growing fast in number still remain a notable minority as it lies in the power you have in the country and in my opinion this started to be very notable maybe two decades as go when different Mexican, and Cuban individuals were found to have immigrated either by law or against it to find work as their countries did not offer any possibility for survival.


  • In what ways have laws been used to enforce discrimination? Provide examples. These laws were intended against which racial minorities?



In my opinion, laws have been used greatly to reinforce discrimination throughout the years by this I imply that people are being judged and denied the opportunity of acquiring respect and chances of achieving their goals because certain laws either intentionally or not are preventing them from doing so. One example can be how the society views weight as well as personal appearance as characteristics which an individual can control, here we go back to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which does not prevent any employer from actually judging and discrimination another employee or applicant of the job based upon appearance or in turn weight. Another example can be upon race, most people belonging to the African or Hispano origin struggle to actually be hired at a variety of workplaces this is mainly because there is a very distinct immigration law just like Arizona’s new law which prohibits several individuals from being hired for a number of reasons, different papers requires which act as an excuse to prevent these people form actually getting a good work or position these laws were directly intended to Africans and Hispanic illegally immigrated people.


  • In what ways have laws been used to eliminate discrimination? Provide examples. Did the laws work to eliminate discrimination?


Although many laws have been implemented in the wrong way and have been either unintentionally or intentionally reinforcing discrimination, they have also been used to eliminate it. There are many laws nowadays especially those which are implemented at work which prevent any workplace discrimination or workforce disruption as well as potential legal issues for diverse businesses. In most employment-based activities or various companies any discrimination based upon national origin, race religion or other individual qualities are considered a violation of federal law, for this reason a variety of successful companies take essential and positive steps to prevent the occurrence of discrimination by setting policies as well as training initiatives that can improve the understanding of an employee upon discrimination and its consequences. I believe that these laws are greatly diminishing discrimination as they as setting a feeling of care to these individuals who are suffering the disrespect of other just because they come from a different culture.


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